Volume 5, Number 3 (volume 5, number 3 2013)                   IJDO 2013, 5(3): 126-131 | Back to browse issues page


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Sabeti F, Gorjian Z. The Relationship between the Satisfaction of Body Image and Self-esteem among Obese Adolescents in Abadan, Iran. IJDO. 2013; 5 (3) :126-131
URL: http://ijdo.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-152-en.html

MSc in Nursing, Nursing Department, Abadan Medical Sciences College, Abadan, Iran
Abstract:   (1515 Views)
Objectives: Adolescence is a period of life in which the individuals face many mental problems concerned with mental body image. Obesity could be the cause of dissatisfaction and makes adolescents’ self-esteem to decrease. This study aimed to examine the adolescents’ satisfaction of their body image correlated to their self-esteem. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study all of the boy and girl students (N=8,510) aged 15-17 in Abadan high schools were examined for their body mass index (BMI). Students with BMI above 95% were selected as the research sample. Instruments of the study included: (1) the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ) and (2) the Cooper Smith self-esteem Questionnaire. Individuals’ data also included age, gender, education, parents’ education and parents’ work. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17. Descriptive and inferential statistics including Chi-Square (χ2), Pearson and Spearman correlation analyses were used. Results: The prevalence of obesity among the adolescents aged 15-17 years was 5.99%. Obese adolescents could be divided into the categories of low (42.2%), moderate (43.9%) and high (13.9%). Low and high self-esteem was found in 63.3% and 36.7% of fat adolescents, respectively. There were significant relationships between the satisfaction of body image with self-esteem (P<0.001) and with BMI (r=-0.093, P=0.036) among fat adolescents. Conclusion: Obesity could be one of the main factors decreasing adolescents’ body image and consequently their self-esteem. Encouraging adolescents to do the exercises and healthy diet could prevent this problem. Further research may be done on this issue around Iran.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/07/6 | Accepted: 2014/07/6 | Published: 2014/07/6

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