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Showing 3 results for Khayatan

Ghazale Soltani, Flor Khayatan,
Volume 8, Issue 3 (volume 8, number 3 2016)
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the experiential avoidance, explicit and implicit attraction beliefs in obese and normal body mass index (BMI) females.
Materials and Methods: This was an analytic cross sectional study. About 400 females (between 20-43 years old) were selected from nutrition and obesity clinics by convenience sampling method. The 40 items avoidance questionnaire (young rai 1994) and 20 items explicit and implicit attraction beliefs questionnaire (mash and labarzh, 1996) were applied. Data analysis was carried out by Statistical package for social sciences version 21 (SPSS-21). Descriptive statistics included indices such as mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics included variance analysis.
Results: A significant difference was found between the experiential avoidance, explicit and implicit attraction beliefs in obese and normal females (P<0.05).Results showed an underlying potential mechanism between experiential avoidance, explicit and implicit attraction beliefs in obese females in comparison with their normal counterparts which might cause avoidance behaviors and maladaptive responses due to lack of cognitive control in these people.
Discussion: The present findings supported a model of mediating role of experiential avoidance in obesity. Also there was a significant difference in attractiveness beliefs between obese and normal women.

 
Shahin Khayatan, Asghar Aghaei, Mohammadreza Abedi, Mohsen Golparvar,
Volume 10, Issue 4 (volume 10, number 4 2018)
Abstract

Objective: Diabetes is chronic and debilitating disease that affects all aspects of a person's life. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of compassion focused (CFT)-acceptance commitment (ACT) combined therapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), on interpersonal forgiveness in women with type II diabetes.
Materials and Methods: This was of quasi- experimental study on three groups (CFT-ACT combined therapy, a cognitive-behavioral and a control group) and three stages (pre-test, post- test and follow up). Among diabetic women population, 47 patients were selected purposefully and randomly assigned to three groups. Tow experimental groups (CFT- ACT & CBT) received 120 minutes’ sessions of CFT- ACT and CB for10 weeks. The control group did not receive any treatment .Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance using SPSS-24 software.
Results: The results showed that the scores of experimental group participants in the post test of CFT-ACT and CBT improved significantly compared to the control group in all three components of forgiveness, including reconnection and  revenge  control, resentment control and  realistic understanding (P-value: 0/000). The experimental group of the combined therapeutic model was more effective than the CBT group in the two components of resentment control and realistic understanding.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, the combination therapy of CFT- ACT and CBT can be used to promote reconnection and revenge control, resentment control and realistic understanding in diabetic patients.

 
Shahin Khayatan, Asghar Aghaei, Mohammadreza Abedi, Mohsen Golparvar,
Volume 12, Issue 2 (volume 12, number 2 2020)
Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of compassion focused (CFT) and acceptance commitment (ACT) combined therapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), on psychological well-being in women with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).
Materials and Methods: This is quasi-experimental. This study consists of three groups (two experimental and one control groups) and three stages (pre-test, post-test, and follow up). The statistical population was all T2DM women of Shahid Shabani Diabetes Center in Isfahan, Iran in 2017. The studied sample was 47 patients who were randomly distributed in three groups. The experimental group received a combination of the package of ACT and CFT for ten weekly two-hour sessions, the CBT group received ten weekly two-hour sessions of therapeutic intervention and the control group did not receive any therapeutic interventions. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance with repeated measurements using SPSS-24 software.
Results: The results showed that the scores of experimental groups participants in the post test of compassion therapy-ACT and CBT improved significantly compared to the control group in self-acceptance, positive relationships with others, purposeful life, individual development, environmental dominance and autonomy subscales (P-value= 0.001) .There exist a significant difference  between the experimental group of compassion focused- ACT combined therapy and CBT in self-acceptance, positive relationships with others, purposeful life and individual -development  subscales (P-value< 0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the findings, the combination therapy of compassion focused – ACT and CBT can be used to promote psychological well-being in diabetic patients.

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