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Javad Ramezani, , Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani, Maghsoud Peeri,
Volume 11, Issue 4 (12-2019)

Objective: Aerobic training and berberine chloride include antioxidant characteristics. In this study, aerobic training and berberine chloride intervention on the activity of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation of pancreatic tissue were investigated in type 1 diabetic male wistar rats.
Materials and Methods: In the current study, 56 Wistar male rats were randomly assigned to seven different groups (n= 8), these groups include healthy control, diabetic control, Berberine-treated diabetes (15&30 mg/kg), aerobic training-treated diabetes, Diabetes treated with Berberine and aerobic training (15&30 mg/kg). The aerobic training schedule consisted of 6 weeks treadmills with a frequency of 5 sessions per week. The Berberine was also fed a specific dose every day and a half before training. The superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, catalase, and malondialdehyde were assessed using ELISA method.
Results: The results showed that aerobic training, as well as the intervention of Aerobic Training and Berberine chloride, had a significant effect on the increase of antioxidant enzymes SOD and CAT in the pancreatic tissue groups (P-value< 0.05), but did not significantly affect the GPX level (P-value> 0.05). There was a significant decrease in MDA level in all treatment groups (P-value< 0.05). In diabetic groups that received both treatments at the same time, the MDA level more decreased (P-value< 0.0005).
Conclusion: The aerobic training and berberine chloride concurrent intervention have a greater effect on the antioxidant enzymes in the pancreatic tissue of diabetic specimens. Therefore, it is recommended that aerobic training be done with berberine chloride.
Hossein Heidari, Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani, Maghsoud Peeri, Parvin Farzanegi, Seyed Ali Hosseini,
Volume 12, Issue 4 (12-2020)

Objective: Exercise and herbal medicine Berberine are known as anti-inflammatory agents. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 4-weeks of endurance training and Berberine Chloride (BC) consumption on inflammatory factors and glycemic index in male wistar diabetic rats.
Materials and Methods: In an experimental trial, 36 male wistar rats divided into 6 groups of 6 rats including 1) control, 2) 15 mg/kg BC, 3) 30 mg/kg BC, 4) endurance training, 5) endurance training with 15 mg/kg BC and 6) endurance training with 30 mg/kg of BC. During 4 weeks, rats in groups 2, 3, 5, and 6 received BC by gavage at specified doses, and rats in groups 4- 6 also ran on the treadmill at speeds of 10-15 m/min for 10-30 minutes. For statistical analysis of data-independent sample T-test, two-way ANOVA were used (P-value= 0.05).
Results: Training and BC significantly increased function of pancreatic beta cells and reduced FBS, TNF-α, and IL- 6 (P-value= 0.001); Training significantly increased VO2max and insulin; interaction of training and BC on an increase of VO2max and reduction of TNF-α were significant (P-value= 0.001) and 30 mg/kg BC reduced TNF-α and FBS much more than 15 mg/kg BC (P-value= 0.001).
Conclusion: It appears that Endurance training and BC can decrease glycemic index and inflammatory markers of diabetes and the effects of BC is dose-dependent, so that the 30 mg/kg BC is more effective rather than the 15 mg/kg BC.

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