Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2009)                   IJDO 2009, 1(1): 36-44 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (7704 Views)
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is a common disorder recognized as a major health problem in Iran. Diabetes is a major source of morbidity, mortality and economic cost to society. Diabetic patients are at risk of experiencing macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes complications and their contributing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 1000 the type 2 diabetic patients referred to Yazd Diabetes Research Center. All diabetic patients underwent the specific tests for retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, peripheral vascular diseases (PVD) and cardiovascular diseases (CAD). Logistic regression analysis was used to find out strength of association of risk factors with a specific complication. RESULTS: In this study 1000 type 2 diabetic patients (457 male, 543 female) were studied. Nephropathy was diagnosed in 285 (28.5%), retinopathy in 519 (51.9%), CAD in 251 (25.1%), PVD in 143 (14.3%), CVA in 109 (10.9%) and foot ulcer in 84 patients (8.4%). CONCLUSION: In this study the most important contributing factors in diabetic complications were age, duration of diabetes, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin and Body Mass Index (BMI). So glycemic and blood pressure control can prevent diabetic complications or at least delay them.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/08/16 | Published: 2009/09/15