Volume 13, Issue 4 (volume 13, number 4 2021)                   IJDO 2021, 13(4): 184-193 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Abstract:   (957 Views)
Objective: The management of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is longterm and can be expensive. This study aimed to describe access to anti-diabetic medicines among patients in tertiary health care facilities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a hospital-based crosssectional study. The study sites were the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, and Ladoke Akintola University Teaching Hospital, Ogbomosho. It was conducted among 366 diabetic patients who had been attending the endocrinology clinic of these two tertiary health institutions for at least one year. Data analysis was done with the Statistical Program for Social Sciences. Results: Female participants were 186 (50.8%) and 298 (85.6%) depended on close relatives to purchase their drugs. Those who had difficulties affording their anti-diabetic medications were 142 (38.8%) and 80 (56.3%) preferred buying a cheaper brand of antidiabetic medication. Also, 136 (37.2%) respondents had missed their required drugs at some point due to insufficient funds. Males who were able to afford their anti-diabetic medication were 96 (53.3%) compared to 128 (68.8%) females (P-value= 0.002). Those with no formal education had the highest proportion of respondents who could not easily afford anti-diabetic drugs (60.9%), those with tertiary education had the highest proportion of respondents who could afford their medication (77.5%), (P-value=< 0.001). Among those in the 61-70 years age group, 78 (66.1%) achieved glycaemic control compared to 34 (42.5%) of those above 70 years (P-value=< 0.001). Conclusion: To improve affordability, subsidizing the cost of antidiabetic medications and encouraging patients to enrol in the Health Insurance Scheme will be beneficial.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/5 | Accepted: 2021/10/12 | Published: 2021/11/1

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