Volume 10, Issue 4 (volume 10, number 4 2018)                   IJDO 2018, 10(4): 178-186 | Back to browse issues page

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Taghipour Asrami A, Ghaedi H, Banitalebi E. Effects of High Intensity Interval Training and Combined Training on Serum Apelin Levels and pancreatic β-cell function in Overweight Type 2 Diabetes Women. IJDO. 2018; 10 (4) :178-186
URL: http://ijdo.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-447-en.html
. Sama Technical and Vocational School, Islamic Azad University, Qaem Shahr Branch, Qaem Shahr, Iran.
Abstract:   (1136 Views)
Objective: Physical exercise is a well-established therapeutic method in type 2 diabetes treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of eight weeks combined and High Intensity Interval Training on serum apelin levels and pancreatic β-cell function in overweight women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Materials and Methods: Fifty-two overweight female patients with type 2 diabetes (aged 45-60 years old, BMI> 30) with HbA1c>6.5% participated in the study voluntarily. The participants were assigned to High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) group (n= 17), combined training group (n= 17), and control group (n= 18) according to their HbA1c levels. The exercises included 12 weeks of combined training and HIIT. Levels of HbA1c and fasting glucose and insulin were measured.
Results: There was a significant decrease in the fasting blood glucose in the HIIT groups (P-value: 0.001). Serum insulin levels showed significant increases in the HIIT (P-value: 0.001) and combined training groups (P-value: 0.001). Changes in apelin level were not significantly different within HIIT and combined training groups (P-value: 0.13 and 0.09, respectively). The data showed significant differences in pancreatic β-cells function in HIIT (P < 0.001) and combined training groups (P= 0.003). Furthermore, the ANCOVA test showed that there were no significant differences in fasting blood glucose concentrations (F= 1.853, P-value: 0.171), apelin (F= 0.511, P-value: 0.12). However, significant differences were observed between groups in insulin (F= 3.622, P-value: 0.036), and β-cell function (F= 4.243, P-value: 0.003).
Conclusion: Physical exercise is an effective training method to improve glycemic control in woman with type 2 diabetes.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/05/28 | Accepted: 2019/05/28 | Published: 2019/05/28

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