Volume 12, Issue 2 (volume 12, number 2 2020)                   2020, 12(2): 63-68 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghadiri-Anari A, Kheirollahi K, Hazar N, Namiranian N, jalili sadrabad M, Akhondi-Meybody M et al . Frequency of Oral Manifestation in Diabetic Patients in Yazd 2016-2017. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Obesity 2020; 12 (2) :63-68
URL: http://ijdo.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-556-en.html
Assistant professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Dental Faculty of Semnan University of Medical Science, Semnan, Iran
Abstract:   (1104 Views)
Objective: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the most common endocrine diseases with many systemic complications such as oral manifestations. The present study aimed to compare the oral manifestations frequency in diabetic patients and healthy subjects.
Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted during 2016-17 on subjects came to Yazd Diabetic Research Center. In this study, 181 type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) and 181 healthy individuals, based on convenient sample method, were included. Two groups were compared for basic information and oral manifestations including candidiasis, oral lichen planus (OLP), periodontitis, xerostomia, delayed oral wound healing, geographic tongue, gingival hyperplasia, fissured tongue, burning mouth and finally at least one of these lesions.
Results: The frequency of candidiasis, OLP, periodontitis, delay oral wound healing, geographic tongue, xerostomia and at least one of lesions in diabetics were significantly higher than control group (P-value< 0.001). After regression analysis and adjusting for confounding factors, candidiasis, periodontitis and xerostomia in diabetics were significantly more prevalent than non-DM patients with odds ratio of 15.16 (1.80-127.57), 9.58 (4.68-19.63) and 78.639 (10.05-615.231) respectively.
Conclusion: Xerostomia, candidiasis and periodontitis were significantly more prevalent in T2DM than Non-T2DM persons. Therefore, increasing awareness on oral manifestations in this group is recommended for timely diagnosis and referring to an oral medicine.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/24 | Accepted: 2020/06/21 | Published: 2020/06/21

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