Volume 12, Issue 3 (volume 12, number 3 2020)                   IJDO 2020, 12(3): 113-119 | Back to browse issues page

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Aflakseir A, Nikroo F, Mollazade J. Predicting Medication Adherence Based on Personality Characteristics in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. IJDO 2020; 12 (3) :113-119
URL: http://ijdo.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-570-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, University of Shiraz, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (1210 Views)
Objective: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness and adherence to medications is vital to manage the illness. The purpose of this study was to examine the prediction of medication adherence based on personality factors in a group of individuals with type 2 diabetes in Yasuj.
Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty individuals with type 2 diabetes who visited health centers were selected for this study through convenience sampling. The participants completed the NEO-Five Factor Inventory and Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS). The data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis using SPSS software.
Results: The results showed that among the big-five personality factors, only neuroticisms significantly predicted adherence to medications (β= -0.31, P-value< 0.003). Furthermore, the model explained only 19% of the variance in medication adherence (R2= 0.19, P-value< 0.01).
Conclusion: This study indicated that a large proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes did not adhere to their medications. This study highlighted that the personality trait of neuroticism was important in predicting medication adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/10/22 | Accepted: 2020/09/20 | Published: 2020/09/20

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