Volume 14, Issue 1 (volume 14, number 1 2022)                   IJDO 2022, 14(1): 29-36 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Jahandarpour S, Davoodi A. Mediation Role of Parental Nutrition Style in Relation with Parental Coping Strategies and Pediatric Obesity in Shiraz, 2019. IJDO. 2022; 14 (1) :29-36
URL: http://ijdo.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-684-en.html
Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (659 Views)
Objective: In obese children, there is a greater likelihood that they will become obese adults, and they will have negative physical and psychological outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the mediating role of parental nutritional style in the relationship between parental coping styles and childhood obesity.
Materials and Methods: The present study was descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of the study consisted of all obese children and their parents in 2019 in Shiraz. 160 children and their parents were selected and studied by multi-stage cluster sampling from the statistical population. Coping inventory for a stressful situation – short form (CISS) and parental feeding styles questionnaire (PFSQ), and body mass index (BMI) were used to collect data. After collecting and extracting data, participants' scores were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equations (path analysis) by means of SPSS 20 and AMOS 20 statistical software.
Results: The results showed that the relationship between problem-oriented and emotion-oriented coping style with BMI was significant and negative (P= 0.01); furthermore, relationship between distraction style and social engagement style with BMI was significant and positive (P= 0.01). Moreover, there was a significant and positive the relationship between the subscale of emotional nutrition, instrumental nutrition, arousal, and encouragement to eat with BMI (P= 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings, parents who urge their children to follow a healthy eating pattern have an essential moderating role in the interplay between coping techniques and childhood obesity.
Full-Text [PDF 686 kb]   (161 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/5 | Accepted: 2021/12/29 | Published: 2022/02/26

1. Gies I, et al. Early childhood obesity: a survey of knowledge and practices of physicians from the Middle East and North Africa. BMC Pediatr. 2017;17(1):115. doi: 10.1186/s12887-017-0865-1. [DOI:10.1186/s12887-017-0865-1]
2. Gunner KB, Atkinson PM, Nichols J, Eissa MA. Health promotion strategies to encourage physical activity in infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. Journal of Pediatric Health Care. 2005;19(4):253-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedhc.2005.05.002]
3. Siega-Riz AM, Kranz S, Blanchette D, Haines PS, Guilkey DK, Popkin BM. The effect of participation in the WIC program on preschoolers' diets. The Journal of pediatrics. 2004;144(2):229-34. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2003.10.052]
4. Styne DM, Arslanian SA, Connor EL, Farooqi IS, Murad MH, Silverstein JH, et al. Pediatric obesity-assessment, treatment, and prevention: an Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2017;102(3):709-57. [DOI:10.1210/jc.2016-2573]
5. Karp SM, Gesell SB. Obesity prevention and treatment in school-aged children, adolescents, and young adults-Where do we go from here?. Primary prevention insights. 2015;5:1. [DOI:10.4137/PPRI.S12291]
6. Karp SM, Gesell SB. Obesity prevention and treatment in school-aged children, adolescents, and young adults-Where do we go from here?. Primary prevention insights. 2015;5:1-4. [DOI:10.4137/PPRI.S12291]
7. Kohut T, Robbins J, Panganiban J. Update on childhood/adolescent obesity and its sequela. Current Opinion in Pediatrics. 2019;31(5):645-53. [DOI:10.1097/MOP.0000000000000786]
8. Kim ES, Kwon Y, Choe YH, Kim MJ. COVID-19-related school closing aggravate obesity and glucose intolerance in pediatric patients with obesity. Scientific Reports. 2021;11(1):1-7. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-93375-6 [DOI:10.1038/s41598-021-84766-w]
9. Nawab T, Khan Z, Khan IM, Ansari MA. Influence of behavioral determinants on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents of Aligarh. Indian journal of public health. 2014;58(2):121. [DOI:10.4103/0019-557X.132289]
10. Gray LA, Alava MH, Kelly MP, Campbell MJ. Family lifestyle dynamics and childhood obesity: evidence from the millennium cohort study. BMC public health. 2018;18(1):1-5. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-018-5398-5]
11. Al Yazeedi B, Berry DC, Crandell J, Waly M. Family influence on children's nutrition and physical activity patterns in Oman. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2021;56:e42-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedn.2020.07.012]
12. Davis AM, Befort C, Steiger K, Simpson S, Mijares M. The nutrition needs of low-income families regarding living healthier lifestyles: Findings from a qualitative study. Journal of Child Health Care. 2013;17(1):53-61. [DOI:10.1177/1367493512446715]
13. Scaglioni S, De Cosmi V, Ciappolino V, Parazzini F, Brambilla P, Agostoni C. Factors influencing children's eating behaviours. Nutrients. 2018;10(6):706. [DOI:10.3390/nu10060706]
14. Karmali S, Ng V, Battram D, Burke S, Morrow D, Pearson ES, et al. Coaching and/or education intervention for parents with overweight/obesity and their children: study protocol of a single-centre randomized controlled trial. BMC Public Health. 2019;19(1):1-2. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-019-6640-5]
15. Chen JL, Weiss SJ, Heyman MB, Cooper B, Lustig RH. ABC program for improving coping and quality of life in Chinese-American children. Nursing research. 2010;59(4):270. [DOI:10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181e507c7]
16. Gill N, Gjelsvik A, Mercurio LY, Amanullah S. Childhood Obesity Is Associated with Poor Academic Skills and Coping Mechanisms. The Journal of Pediatrics. 2021;228:278-84. [DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2020.09.004]
17. Acosta DF, Gomes VL, Oliveira DC, Gomes GC, Fonseca AD. Aspectos éticos e legais no cuidado de enfermagem às vítimas de violência doméstica. Texto & Contexto-Enfermagem. 2017;26.(1). [DOI:10.1590/0104-07072017006770015]
18. Belghali M, Statsenko Y, Al-Za'abi A. Improving Serious Games to Tackle Childhood Obesity. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021;12:1609. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.657289]
19. Sung K, Park JH, Park MK. Influences of social support, Self-esteem and hope on health conservation of the vulnerable elderly with diabetes. Journal of korean academy of community health nursing. 2017;28(4):386-96. [DOI:10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.4.386]
20. Parker JD, Endler NS. Coping with coping assessment: A critical review. European Journal of personality. 1992;6(5):321-44. [DOI:10.1002/per.2410060502]
21. Mohebi S, Shokri O, Khodaei A. Psychometric Analysis of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations-Short Form (CISS-SF) among Students. Quarterly of Educational Measurement. 2020;10(40):87-113.(in Persian)
22. Wardle J, Sanderson S, Guthrie CA, Rapoport L, Plomin R. Parental feeding style and the inter‐generational transmission of obesity risk. Obesity research. 2002;10(6):453-62. [DOI:10.1038/oby.2002.63]
23. Davoodi A, Ahadi A. Psychometric Properties of Wardle's Parental Feeding Style Questionnaire. 2019;10(37):45-64.(in Persian)
24. Liao HE, Deng YM. The Role of Caregiver's Feeding Pattern in the Association between Parents' and Children's Healthy Eating Behavior: Study in Taichung, Taiwan. Children. 2021;8(5):369. [DOI:10.3390/children8050369]
25. Wang B, Wu T, Neale MC, Verweij R, Liu G, Su S, et al. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Blood Pressure and Body Mass Index in the National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council World War II Veteran Twin Registry. Hypertension. 2020;76(5):1428-34. [DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.15232]
26. Gatz M, Plassman BL, Tanner CM, Goldman SM, Swan GE, Chanti-Ketterl M, et al. The NAS-NRC twin registry and duke twins study of memory in aging: an update. Twin Research and Human Genetics. 2019;22(6):757-60. [DOI:10.1017/thg.2019.45]
27. Sze KY, Lee EK, Chan RH, Kim JH. Prevalence of negative emotional eating and its associated psychosocial factors among urban Chinese undergraduates in Hong Kong: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1-0. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-021-10531-3]
28. French SA, Tangney CC, Crane MM, Wang Y, Appelhans BM. Nutrition quality of food purchases varies by household income: the SHoPPER study. BMC public health. 2019;19(1):1-7. [DOI:10.1186/s12889-019-6546-2]
29. Danford CA, Schultz CM, Marvicsin D. Parental roles in the development of obesity in children: Challenges and opportunities. Research and Reports in Biology. 2015;6:39-53. [DOI:10.2147/RRB.S75369]
30. Patel C, Karasouli E, Shuttlewood E, Meyer C. Food parenting practices among parents with overweight and obesity: a systematic review. Nutrients. 2018;10(12):1966. [DOI:10.3390/nu10121966]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Obesity

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb